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Photography Dictionary

A Glossary, Abbreviation and slang of Photographic Terms

An extensive digital dictionary wherein thousands of several common words used in Photography are illustrated and explained in a simple glossary of photographic terms.

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All

Art

The fastest Sigma prime lenses come to this product line.

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AA Filter

Anti Aliasing Filter or Low pass filter. This serves to avoid color aliasing issues, or the "moiré" impact.

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AB

All Black.

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ABR

Automatic Background Recognition and Removal.

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ABC

Auto Backlighting Control that naturally perceives a subject in back drop illumination condition and higher the exposure.

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AC Power

Alternating Current Power, Alternating Current which is utilized to work your advanced Polaroid specifically from the mains supply instead of a battery.

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ACE

All Camera Equipment

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ACR

Adobe Camera Raw. A software used to made edits to raw camera files.

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AD

Lens innovation made to help control chromatic distortions that would overall debase picture differentiation and sharpness. Strange Dispersion glass is an exceptional optical glass that conveys an unusually extensive fractional scattering ratio.

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ADF

Auto Darkling Filter

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AE

Auto Exposure, if the camera is in Auto exposure mode, it will automatically select the mode in any condition. There are three types of mode:

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AE

Auto Exposure, if the camera is in Auto exposure mode, it will automatically select the mode in any condition. There are three types of mode:

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Aperture Priority:

When we set the aperture setting the camera select automatically the shutter speed as per the lighting conditions.

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AE Lock

Auto Exposure Lock, It uses to hold the exposure metering, when it is in automatic mode. A small press of the shutter is ordinarily needed to enable this setting.

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AEB

Automatic Exposure Bracketing.

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AEL

Auto Exposure Lock.

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AEL

Automatic Exposure Lock.

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AES

Automatic Electronic Shutter.

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AF

Auto Focus, Most Modern Digital and SLR cameras lenses have the capacity to do this function. Lens automatically focuses the object much faster than our eye.

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AF

Automatic Focus.

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AFL

Auto Focus lock. Locks a specific focus setting, averting refocusing if the scene changes.

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AF D

Auto Focus with Distance information. It is same as AF, but it can report the distance between the subject and the lens and then it reports that information to the camera.

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AF DC

Nikkor Lenses: Defocus-picture Control that changes the circular deviation and along these lines the smear giving adjusted defocusing impact regularly utilized within representation

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AF I

Auto Focus with an integrated focus motor. It is not used on modern lenses. Auto Focus with an integrated focus motor. It is not used on modern lenses.

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AFL

Auto Film Loader.

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AL

A lens that uses one or more a spherical components.

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ALG

All-Group Focusing means all the lens' optical elements are moved amid centering operation. This expands optical execution all through the focus range.

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AI-P

Manual focal lenses with an inherent CPU that exchange information to cam for exposure metering. No more utilized on present day lenses.

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A/M(Auto-Priority Manual Mode)

An "autofocus priority autofocus" mode that decreases the affectability of the manual override to keep startling changing from auto to manual.

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A-M (Auto-Manual Mode)

A component that bolts the center ring amid self-adjust while empowering conduct like a manual center lens in manual center mode with sufficient load when the centering ring is pivoted.

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AF-DC

AF DC-NIKKOR lenses characteristic elite Nikon Defocus-picture Control engineering. This permits picture takers to control the level of circular aberration in the frontal area or foundation by turning the lens' DC ring.

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AF - S

Auto Focus with Silent Wave Motor. The AF-S lenses have implicit engines inside the lens, which work extraordinary on all cams without inherent engine.

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Agitation:

Agitation serves to speed and attain even improvement and counteract spotting or staining.

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AI

Indicates "Automatic Indexing". This condensing was utilized on exceptionally old manual focus lenses, so it is no more utilized on modern lenses.

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AL

Ambient Light.

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AL

Average Light.

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AOV

Angle of View

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AI-P

Manual focus AI lenses with a chip to send information to the cam. No more utilized on modern lenses.

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AI-S

Manual focus lenses that could be utilized with cams that had Program and Shutter Priority cam modes. On AI-S lenses, opening can be changed specifically from the camera. No more utilized on advanced lenses

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Aliasing

Anti aliasing associating makes the edges seem much smoother by averaging out the pixels around the edge. It causes quick change (high surface) zones of a picture to show up as a moderate change in the specimen picture.

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Angle of View

This is ascertained by the focal length of the lens and the measure of the picture sensor.

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Anti aliasing

This is the procedure whereby you can lessen the Stepping affect on your pictures, by smoothing the edges where individual edges are self-evident.

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APAG

American Photography Archives Group

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APE

Aviation Photographers Enthusiasts

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APF

Art Photo Feature.

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APTP

Action Pro Tripod.

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APS

Automatic Point and Shoot.

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APD

Apodization channel .Fuji's APD lenses incorporate an apodization filter which is basically an outspread inclination channel which has the impact of smoothing the bokeh's blueprints upgrading the impact.

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APO

Apochromatic lenses are intended to remedy chromatic and different sorts of deviations all the more viably. Positively apochromatic lenses characteristic colorful fluorite components and have no chromatic variations at all.

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APTP

Action Pro Tripod.

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Aperture

Aperture is a gap inside a lens, through which light passes into the camera body.

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APEX

Additive system of Photographic Exposure. A framework to support count of right exposures, created in the 1960s.

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APS – C

Advanced Photo System type C (APS-C) is a picture sensor organizes pretty nearly proportionate in size to the Advanced Photo System "fantastic" size negatives

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APPA

Australian Professional Photography Awards

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APPM

Associated Press Photo Manager.

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Archive

A gathering of information in long haul storing, typically the hard drive on your PC or an external hard drive.

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Artifact

A detached term to depict a component that debases picture quality.

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AS

Aspherical lenses basically take out the issue of unconsciousness and different sorts of lens aberrations, actually when utilized at the widest aperture.

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ASA

The American Standards Association (now called the American National Standards Institute, ANSI) characterized the ASA system for rating the pace affectability of photographic emulsions; now superseded by the ISO system.

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ASL

(Aspherical) An aspheric lens or asphere is a lens whose surfaces have a profile that is not one or the other a share of a circle nor of a roundabout barrel. In photography, a lens gathering that incorporates an aspheric component is regularly called an aspherical lens.

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ASMP

American Society of Media Photographers.

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Asp

Lens contains no less than one aspherical lens component, which is utilized for adjusting extreme aberrations and different lens abnormalities.In some cases passes by "AS.

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Asp

Aspherical Lens contains no less than one aspherical lens component, which is utilized for adjusting extreme aberrations and different lens abnormalities. In some cases passes by "AS.

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Aspect Ratio

The proportion of width to tallness in photographic prints - 2:3 in 35 mm pictures to create photos most regularly measuring 3.5 x 5 inches or 4 x 6 inches.

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ASMP

American Society of media photographers.

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A spherical Lens

A lens whose twisted surface does not follow the shape of circle.

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ATGNI

All the Gear, No Idea. A picture taker who has loads of cam gear however doesn't comprehend what 50% of it does.

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Automatic Exposure

Automatic Exposure: The camera sets the shutter speed and aperture for the right exposure as per the light.

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Automatic Focus

Camera lens or the camera body focus the object automatically a selected part of that subject.

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AU

Aperture Unit.

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Av

Aperture Value.

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AWB

Automatic White balance, In Most DSLRS cameras sets the White balance.

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AT-X

Remains for Advance Technology Extra – the marking utilized on all present Tokina lens.

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B & W

Abbreviation for Black and White.

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Backlight

The enlightenment for a color LCD show on advanced or telephones

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Back Lit

Significance the subject is lit from behind which can result in underexposing is likewise utilized for representation photography for enhancements and bringing catch lights to the hair.

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Banding

A curio of shade degree in computer imaging. At the point when graduated shades break into bigger pieces of a solitary color, the smooth look of a proper gradation is decreased

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Barrel Distortion

A typical geometric lens twisting bringing on an acquired picture to pucker towards the middle and be adjusted along the external edges.

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Balance

Arrangement of colors, light and dull masses, or expansive and little questions in a picture to make agreement and harmony.

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BC

Before Camera.

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BCC

Bishopthorpe Camera Club

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BCM

Blue Cone Monochromacy.

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BCPS

Beam Candle Power Seconds.

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Bellow

The folding partition in a few cameras that unites the lens to the camera body.

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BF

Bad Flash.

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BFD

Both Film and Digital.

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BIF

BIF remains for Bird in Flight, and is normally raised up during complex technical issues about focus modes and autofocus point selection.

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Bigma

Sigma 50-500mm f/4-6.3 lens known as ‘Bigma’.

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Bit

The littlest unit of memory. The saying originates from binary and digit or 1 and 0. Likewise sometimes known as on and offs.

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Bit Depth

Alludes to the shade or ash scale of every individual pixel. Case in point a pixel with 8 bits for every shade (red, green and blue), gives a 24 bit picture. 24 bit determination is 16.7 million shades.

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BK

Background

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Bokeh

Affirmed 'boh-kay', this term is determined from the Japanese word for "blur " and is utilized to portray the aesthetic quality of the obscure in out of focus ranges of a picture.

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Bitmap

The system for putting away data that really maps a picture pixel bit by bit. Format incorporate;.bmp, .pcx, .pict, .tif, .tiff, .gif. Most picture documents are bit-mapped.

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BLC

Beam Candle Power Second.

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Blown Out

Splendid regions in a photograph that are overexposed are said to be blown out

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Blossoming

An impact created by overexposing a CCD or sensor to a lot of light. This can result in bends of the subject and/or color.

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BMP

Bitmapped representation document design which is well known with Windows Pc's. It is an uncompressed file format like a TIFF

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Borderless

Essentially, this implies a printed photo with no outskirt around it.

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Bracketing

Can apply to flash or exposure. It is utilized to make generally 3 photos. One photograph is uncovered by the Polaroid’s meter naturally, one under uncovered and one overexposed by a foreordained number of stops.

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Brightness

Estimation of a pixel in an digital picture providing for its estimation of gentility from dark to white, with o being dark and 255 being white.

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BRUH

Bring Radiometer Up Here.

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Buffer

Temporary storage zones held in your Polaroid or machines RAM. This act as an impermanent holding zone for information that will be controlled by the CPU before sparing it to an another device.

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Bulb

Term utilized for a long exposure setting ordinarily more than 30 seconds.

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Burst Mode

It is known as continuous mode or "Auto wind" on older Slr's. Be that as it may, today's Digital SLR's have beat modes of down to 8 frames for every second. Extraordinary for games and action shots.

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Byte

A gathering of 8-bits of memory in a machine. I.e. 8 bits is a Byte, 1000 bytes is a Kilobyte (KB) or 8000 bytes, 1000kb is a Megabyte (MB) or 8,000,000 bytes etc.

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C (Contemporary)

This product offering comprises basically of variable aperture zoom lenses for general use, for example, standard and telephoto zoom lenses for APS-C camera.

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CC

Comments & Critiques. Utilized when request criticism on a picture in a forum.

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CA

Chromatic aberration. Lens is not able to focus all colors at the same point.

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CA F2

Fluorite Element used in super telephoto lenses.

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CAM

Camera

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Calibration

The demonstration of modifying the color of one device to match that of an alternate.

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Card Reader

Utilized for exchanging information from your flash memory card to your PC. A superior method for exchanging your picture documents than joining the camera to your PC. Now and again the camera hardware can get to be degenerate. Better to broil a memory card than your camera.

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CAMIF

Camera Interface.

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CAT

Canon Automatic Tuning.

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CAV

Camera Assembled Video.

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CCD

The full form of CCD is Charged Coupled Device. This is a light delicate chip utilized as a part of your computerized camera for picture gathering.

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CD

Compact Disk is a storage media fit for holding around 650MB of information. These come in 2 structures;

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CDR

Compact Disk Recordable. Must be utilized once, regardless of how little data you keep in touch with it.

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CDR-W

Compact Disk Re-writeable. This could be eradicated and re-utilized ordinarily

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Center-Weighted

Term used to depict a automatic exposure system that uses simply the focal point share of the picture to alter the general quality.

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CF

Compact Flash card. Storage room ranges from 16mb up to 12 GB.

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CF

Central Focus.

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CF

Clear Flash.

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CF

Close focus.

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CGF

Colored Glass Filter.

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CGF

Colored Glass Filter.

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CHUD

Contamination Hazard Urban Disposal.

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Channel

The piece of data stored with the image is called channel. A normal picture has 3 channels, red, green and blue.

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Chimping

Looking at pictures on the once again of the cam when you've taken them.

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Chroma

The shade of a picture component or pixel. A chroma is made up of immersion in addition to the tint values.

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Chromatic Aberration

Purple fringing. It is decently basic in 2mp digital camera or more, particularly on the off chance that they have long telephoto lenses.

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CHUD

Contamination Hazard Urban Disposal.

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CIF

Catch in Focus. A procedure for permitting a cam to be refocused to a characterized spot.

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CIFF

Camera Image File Format. This is a concurred sort of picture utilized by numerous camera producers.

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CIS

Compressed Image Similar.

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CL

Camera Left. It is a slag in Photography.

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Clipping

Cutting is when either the highlights vanish off the right half of the histogram and are smothered or, alternately, the shadows amplify past the left half of the histogram - either brings about a loss of detail.

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CMOS

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor, Another imaging framework utilized by computerized cams. These produce lower measures of power utilization.

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CMYK

Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black. Colors utilized by most printers to create your prints.

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CMS

Color Management System. A software to guarantee shade matching and adjustment.

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Color Balance

The precision with which the colors caught in the picture, match the first scene.

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Codec

A Codec compressed data to empower it to be sent over a system much speedier. It will likewise decompress data got by means of the network.

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Color Cast

This is an exceptionally undesirable tint of one shade in a picture created by the wrong amount of Cyan, Magenta and Yellow.

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Color Correction

To rectify or improve the colors inside a picture.

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Color Depth

Digital Images can estimate color authenticity yet the procedure is alluded to as shade depth, bit depth or pixel depth.

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Color Space

Digital Camera use known color profiles to create their pictures. The most widely recognized is srgb or Adobe RGB.

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Compact Flash

This is the most normally utilized sort of memory. It is little, removable and accessible in an extensive variety of sizes up to 12 GB.

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Compression

A Digital photo makes a picture record that is gigantic. To empower picture records to end up more modest and more sensible Polaroid’s utilize some manifestation of packing, for example, JPEG. Crude and TIFF records have no layering and consume up more room.

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Contrast

The measure of rate of progress of brilliance in a picture.

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Continuous Autofocus

The auto center framework is persistently chipping away at focusing on the subject.

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Conv

This lens can be utilized with the APO Teleconverter EX. It can expand the focal length and will interface with the cam's AE (programmed presentation) capacity

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CP /CPL/ CPoL

Circular Polarising Filter

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CRC

Close Range Correction lenses that are enhanced for close focusing separation

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CRW

The RAW CCD document arrangement utilized by Canon Digital Cameras.

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CSC

Compact System Camera. Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera it is smaller than a Digital single-lens reflex camera.

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CSV

Clear Super View

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CTO

CTO is an abbreviation for “color temperature orange.

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CVUG

Cosina Voigtlander User Group

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D

D-sort lenses send cam to subject separation data to the camera.

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DA

Current arrangement of lenses intended for Dslrs with APS-C estimated sensors.

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DC

Defocus Control lenses permit controlling the bokeh.

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DA- L

Like DA, yet offering a light development, accordingly ideally matched with exceptionally reduced and light bodies like the K-m.

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Dark Frame

Dark frame is a noise reduction process where a camera takes a second exposure of a dark frame after the camera takes a long exposure picture.

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Data

Digital data processed by a computer

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Dark Room

A light tight zone utilized for processing film and for printing and preparing papers; likewise for stacking and emptying film holders and a few cameras.

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Data Disk

A circular, rotating disk that functions as a circular bar code.

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DBL

Distance between Legs.

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DC

Defocus Control.

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DC

Duplicate Chroma.

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DC

Direct Current, 9v dc power (battery power )

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DCF

Design Rule for Camera File System.

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DCF

Dach Centre Focusing

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DDF

Darkness distortion factor.

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DDF

Dynamic Depth Focusing.

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Decompression

Process of Compressed data file can be restored

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Dedicated Flash

Kind of flash unit which can be used directly to a camera.

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Depth of Field

DOF states that the area behind and in front of the focal plane.Range of the subjects focus the picture controlled by the focal length and aperture of the lens.

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D -FA

Current series of lenses optimized for full frame dslrs.

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DFFS

Distance From Space Face.

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DF

Dual focus.

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DFUS

Developing flash using SWISH

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DG

lenses good with full frame sensor DSLR cams.

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DGS

Diffuse, Glossy, and Specular.

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Di

Digitally Intergrated, Is the assignment Tamron puts on lenses emphasizing optical frameworks intended to meet the execution attributes of advanced SLR cams and in addition film cams. These lenses may be utilized on cams with full configuration (FF) or APS-C sensors.

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Di-II

Lenses are intended for select use on computerized cams with more modest size imagers (otherwise called APS-C sensors). These lenses are not intended for customary cams and computerized cams with picture sensors bigger than 24mm x 16mm.

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Digital Film

Digital Films are Solid state flash memory cards

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Digital Zoom

Simple like camera crop

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Digitization

Process of converting information Analog to digital form by using a computer.

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DIN

Deutsches Institut für Normung. A logarithmic framework for communicating film speed in as a relatable point use in Europe since 1934.

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DIST

Digital Image Scaling Technology

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DM

Dial Mode, the lens permits automatic aperture control

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DMC

Digital Manual Camera.

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D- MAX

Maximum Density.

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D-Min

Minimum Density

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DN

Lenses intended for reduced framework cams

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DNG

Digital Negative . An open-source raw file

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Dioptre Adjustment

This confirms the optical viewfinder's amplification element to suit the visual perception of the cameras user.

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DOF

: Depth of Field.

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DO

Diffractive Optics lenses have exceptional glass components that curve light more than regular glass.

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Doughnuts

The name given to the ring-formed bokeh made by the unique development of a mirror lens.

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DPC

Digital Photography Contest

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DPP

Digital Photo Processing.

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DPI

Dots per inch, Quality used to describe the resolution of a screen or that of a scanner or such other output devices.

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DPOF

Digital print order format, this permits you to implant printing data on your memory card. You simply select the photos that you need printed and what number of prints to be made

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DRAM

Dynamic Random Access Memory, when the power is off the memory will loss, it’s a volatile memory.

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DSCF

Digital Still Camera Fuji.

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DSLR

Digital single lens reflex, interchangeable.

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DT

remains for "Digital Technology" and determines lenses that are intended for cams with APS-C sensors.

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Dust Bunnies

Dust bunnies are bunches of dust and lighten that you discover floating around wooden floors. In the cam world, dust bunnies are the irritating spots of sensor dust that appear in the same place in successive photographs. These normally must be uprooted physically.

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DVD

Digital versatile Disk.

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DVS

Dynamic Vision Sensor.

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Dynamic Range

This is an estimation of the accuracy of a picture in color or ash level.

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DX

DX is a lens planned solely for their APS-C sensored Dslrs, yet can be utilized on their full frame cams like 35 mm Slrs and full frame digital Slrs like the D3 arrangement and D700 DSLRS.

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E

lenses intended for Sony's mirror less camera with APS-C measured sensors, for example, the Sony Alpha A600.

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E6

Kodak's standard chemical process for creating Ektachrome or good slide movies from different movies creators separated from Kodak.

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Easel

A gadget to hold photographic paper flat during exposure, normally furnished with a movable metal mask for framing.

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EBC

Beam Coating is utilized to minimize flare and ghosting created by the lens by expanding the light transmittance so all the more light passes through the glass towards the sensor, and less of it gets reflect.

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ECN

Eastman Color Negative.

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ECU

Extreme Close Up.

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ED

Extra Low dispersion ,typically allude to glass sort. Glas with ED properties showing uncommon earth glass or extraordinary formed glass that restricting or amending of light beams passing through the viewpoint components to accomplish all range of shades to falls on the same plane of focus.

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Edge Numbers

Film frame number and other information that appers on the edge of the film when processed.

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EF

Electronic Focus: This is the new completely electronic Canon lens mount presented in 1987.

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EF

This is the new completely electronic Canon lens mount presented in 1987.

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EFC /EFCS/EFSC

Electronic first curtain, electronic front curtain, electronic first curtain shutter, electronic first shutter curtain of a focal plane shutter.

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EF-S

The main distinction between Canon EF and EF-S lenses is that the recent has been intended for Canon digital cams with APS-C sensors, for example, the Canon EOS 700D.

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EF-M

Another lens arrange particularly intended for the Canon EOS M mirror less cam framework with EF-M mount.

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EFR

Extended Focus Range.

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Effective Aperture

The measurement of the heap of light beams striking the first lens component that really pass through the lens at any given diaphragm setting.

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EIR

Ektachrome Infrared

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EIS

Electronic Image Stabilizer Offer that minimizes impact of camera shake.

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EJ

Extra Jerky.

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ELD

Extraordinary Low Dispersion glass components may have a marginally entertaining name, yet they ought to perform far superior to SLD.

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Electronic flash

Light source focused around electrical release over two electrodes in a gas-filled tube. Normally intended to give light approximating to daylight.

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Element

Single lens utilized as a part of relationship with others to structure a compound development.

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Emulsion

Micro-slight layers of gelatin on film in which light-delicate parts are suspended; activated by light to make a substance response bringing about a photographic picture

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Emulsion Side

The side of the film covered with emulsion.

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EMD

Electromagnetic diaphragm.

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END

Equivalent Neutral Density.

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EOS

Electro Optic System.

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EPP

Enhanced Parallel Port. This is the more newer, howdy speed, bidirectional printer port on advanced Pc's.

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E-TTL

Canon's "Evaluative Through The Lens" exposure system that uses a brief pre-flash before the main flash in order to calculate the correct exposure.

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EV

Exposure Value. The capacity to override the auto exposure system to under or over uncover the picture.

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EVF

Electronic Viewfinder.

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EVIL

EVIL stands for Electronic Viewfinder Interchangeable Lens.

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EWV

Enhanced Wide View

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EX

The outer surface of this lens is EX-completed to indicate the prevalent form and optical quality, and to improve its appearance.

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EXIF

Exchangeable Image File Format.The inserted data about camera and presentation for each one picture.

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Exposure

Measure of light that hits the picture sensor of film controlled by the shutter speed and aperture.

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Exposure Bracketing

Camera will take 3 or 5 pictures and differs the exposure up or down for each one photo guaranteeing no less than one will be overall uncovered

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Exposure Compensation:

Exposure Compensation: You can lighten or obscure the picture by under or over uncovering the picture.

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F

the letter F in the lens name implies it is a fisheye lens.

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FA

Lenses intended for cams with full frame sensors (35mm). Will likewise chip away at DSLRs with more modest sensors, yet a harvest variable will be connected which changes the evident focal length of the lens.

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FARE

Film Automatic Retouching and Enhancement

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FAJ

A FA lens without a separate opening ring, accordingly just operable on bodies that can control the gap electronically.

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FB

Fixed Background.

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FBF

Frame by Frame.

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FC

Foot Candle.

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FCC

Federation of Camera Club.

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FFP

Flex Focus Point.

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FF

Full Frame. s a sensor of digital camera that is the same size as a 35mm piece of film.

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F – Stop

Indicating Aperture size, F2.8 is large opening and F16 is small opening

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FD

This is the old manual focus Canon lens mount utilized before 1987.

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FE

lenses that cover a 35mm estimated sensor and are intended to be utilized with Sony's full-frame mirror less cams, for example, the Sony Alpha A.

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FDn

The same as FD, just with no covering assignment on the lens front.

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FA

Lenses intended for cams with full frame sensors (35mm). Will likewise take a shot at DSLR with more modest sensors, yet a product component will be connect which changes the obvious central length of the lens.

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Fast Glass

Any lenses with an f/2.8 or wider aperture is known as fast glass.

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False Color film

A film that delivers a photo with altogether diverse colors than our eye sees.

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Feathered edges

An advanced technique for softening the edge of a determination or brush to guarantee a less sharp edge or consistent mix when painting and gluing pictures.

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FIAP

Fédération Internationale de l'Art Photographique.

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Fast/ Slow

The maximum aperture of the lens.

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FAJ

It is a lens that does not contain a separate aperture ring.

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File

Electronic document, Collection of data, text or images saved in hard disk ,cd , vcd, pen drive etc.

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File Format

Digital images are saved in JPEG .JPG TIFF EPS and BMP format.

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Field Camera

A folding perspective camera, a kind of Camera that made of wood or light metal.

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Fill in Flash

A method for lessening contrast differentiation by adding light to darker or shaded zones of by using a reflective material or flash.

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Fire Wire

A high speed data exchange interface utilized on advanced camcorders and the more expensive Digital Slr's.

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Fish Eye

Fisheye lenses give wide angles of view with unique and exceptionally and very strong distortion. Diagonal fisheye lenses cover the entire casing, whilst circular lenses deliver a round picture inside the frame.

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Fixed Aperture

Aperture stays steady paying little mind to the lens' focal length

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FL

Recently introduced in 2013.demonstrates that the lens has Fluorite Lens parts, which are unrivaled glass segments than ED.

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FLD

F Low Dispersion Component, at any rate as per Sigma, is "the largest amount low scattering glass accessible with amazingly high light transmission." It ought to essentially execute and additionally as fluorite components, but this is quite expensive.

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Flare

Flare is undesirable light reflecting inside a lens that lessens differentiate and makes splendid streaks.

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Flash Memory

A kind of memory that can hold information without requiring power. It's utilized as a part of Smartmedia, Memory stick and Compact flash cards so photos are securely put away when the camera is off.

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Flash Meter

To find out the measure or amount of light coming through an electronic flashgun.

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Flash Sync Socket

Socket used to plug in an electronic flash gun cable in camera, then the flash can be triggered at a distance.

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Flash Sync Speed

The greatest shutter speed that could be set when utilizing electronic flash.

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Flatbed Scanner

Machine fringe with a glass plate that you lay photographs prints, work of art or transparencies on to output and convert into advanced pictures. Optical Scanner in which the first picture stays stationary while the CCD sensors disregard or under it.

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Float

When close focusing float elements will move to perfect aberrations.

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Focal length

Lens Angle-of-view. Lens Angle-of-view.

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Focal plane

The zone behind the lens where light is accumulated to structure a forcefully centered picture.

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FP

Focal Plane. A shutter that opens and closes close to the film or picture sensor, more often than not as a quick moving opening, as stood out from a bladed/leaf screen found close to a nodal purpose of a lens.

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FPP

Floating Panoramic Photography

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FP

Fast Panchromatic

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FPA

A matrix of sensors situated in the focal plane of a lens or other focusing gadget.

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FPM

Feet per Minute.

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FPM

Frame per Minute.

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FPS

Frames per Second. Utilized within reference to greatest nonstop shooting rate or video.

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Frame rate

Number of frames that are demonstrated or sent every second

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FPV

First Person View.

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FR

Filter Rotation.

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FSA

: Field Scope Adaptor.

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FT-M

Full time manual focus.

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FTMF

Full Time Manual Focus.

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Fringing

Otherwise known as 'purple bordering', this is the spooky purple sparkle that can be seen and on again be seen around the edges of high differentiation regions in digital pictures.

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Fujifilm X-mount

This is the present, current, completely electronic lens mount utilized within Fujifilm's mirror less cam framework with APS-C sized sensor.

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Fujica X-mount

an old, mechanical lens mount utilized within the film time.

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FX

This abbreviation signifies “full-frame” as in 35mm film comparable. Condensing like FX, DX and CX demonstrate format size.

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FZY

Fuzzy.

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G

remains for "Gold" and defines Sony's best, most astounding quality, most lavish proficient lens.

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G

On the off chance that you see a letter "G" after aperture in the lens, for instance "Nikon 50mm AF-S f/1.4g", it implies that the lens does not have a aperture ring like the old lenses.

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Gamma

Measure of the amount of difference in a picture as per the properties of a gradation curve. High complexity = High Gamma and Low = Low.

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Gamut

The range of colors that will show up on a screen or could be printed.

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Gamma Correction

With reference to showing a picture exactly on a machine screen, Gamma adjustment controls the general brilliance of a picture.

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Gelatin

Protein, inferred from animals,that is utilized to suspend silver halides equitably in an emulsion structure on the paper and film's surface.

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Gels

Colored filters that can either be held over a flash tube or utilized as a part of a mount before the camera lens to change the shade of the light.

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GIF

A graphic file mostly utilized for Web realistic or little animated (GIF) records. Not useful for photos as it just contains a greatest of 256 colors.

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Gigabyte

A measure of computer memory or disk space.

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Glass

Glass is an alternate term for lenses.

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Global Shutter

A Global shutter uncovered the whole image simultaneously.

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GNU Image Manipulation Format

Software used for editing digital images

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GMO

Glass molded Optics.

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Gobo

Gobo is the acronym for "goes between optics," a gobo is any article used to control the state of light from its source.

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Gradation

The change in tone from black to white

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Grade

Grad ' is a shortened form of "Graduated" and is utilized to depict a kind of optical channel which has a dark selection and a clear selection.

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GIF

Graphic Interchange Format, Computer file format for coloured images

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Graduated neutral density

A sort of neutral density filter in which shine is diminished more on one side of the filter than on the other, permitting the photographic artist to lessen the difference between, for instance, bright sky and dim area.

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Grain

Minute metallic silver deposit, shaping in quality the photographic picture.

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Grey Level

This is the brightness level of a pixel speaking to its gentility from dark to white.

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Grey Scale

A term used to describe a picture containing shades of grey instead of color. Most ordinarily alluded to as a highly white photo.

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Grip and rip / Spray and pray

Both of these terms allude to the demonstration of setting the cam to its most astounding drive mode and keeping the shutter button down to attempt and catch a brief minute.

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Grip and Grain

A depiction sort photograph, where the subjects grasp on to one another.

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GSOP

Gorback Studio of Photography.

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GSP

Gelatin Silver Print.

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GTCCC

Greater Toronto Council of Camera Clubs.

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Guide Number

Output rating of a speed light flash unit.

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Half Tone

A printed picture made up of dabs of fluctuating size that give the presence of a nonstop tone picture when seen from an adequate separation.

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Hard Disk

Part of storing the datas and files in the computer, mainly in c drive.

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Hardener

Chemical utilized at the settling stage to toughen the film's emulsion and make it more impervious to scratches.

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Halos

A term used to portray the sparkle that is made around the edges of object when they've been over-honed in Photoshop or other comparative photograph editing software.

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HDR

High Dynamic Range, it is a system attained utilizing programming that takes the best tones from a few exposures and joins together them in one HDR picture.

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HDTV

High Definition Television.

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HDR

High Dynamic Range. Systems that permit a computerized picture to demonstrate a more extensive differentiation range than current picture sensors can record in one document.

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HID

Stands for High Index Dispersion, a sort of glass utilized within Tamron lenses that serves to minimize chromatic deviation.

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High Resolution Image

An advanced photograph that contains enough pixels for every inch to suit the media it will be shown on.

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Histogram

Vertical scale of chart showing digital photos tone values.

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HLCF

Holographic Light Control Film.

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HMI

Hydrargyrum Medium Arc Iodide, Nonstop light hotspot for utilization with digital camera that have a checking exposure system.

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Hot Shoe

A flash connector in the camera that allows us to fix an external flash unit.

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HPB

Half-Person Blurring.

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Honey comb

A connection for studio streak that resembles a honeycomb network and is utilized to acquire a hard lighting impact with different shadows

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HPP

Hyper Photo Project.

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HSM

The Hyper Sonic Motor, is Sigma's equal to Canon USM and Nikon SWM engineering. It is a ring-sort ultrasonic engine intended to give speedy and quiet focusing.

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HSYNC

Horizontal Sync.

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HSM

The Hyper Sonic Motor is Sigma's equal to Canon USM and Nikon SWM engineering. It is a ring-sort ultrasonic engine intended to give speedy and quiet focusing.

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HRI (High Refractive Index)

HRI lenses can offer impacts identical to those acquired with a few typical glass components and can adjust for both field arch and circular distortions. Along these lines, HRI lenses accomplish extraordinary optical execution in a considerably more reduced body.

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Hue

Range of Colors of the spectrum.

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Hyper Focal Distance

The separation to the closest point in the photo that seems sharp when the lens is focused around infinityThe separation to the closest point in the photo that seems sharp when the lens is focused around infinity

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HYPO

Sodium HYPOsulfate

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II

First Generation.

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III

Third Generation.

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IBL

Ice Blue Lens.

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IBLR

Ice Blue Lens, internal

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Icons

Thumbnails that displayed on the computer to identify and locate the folders and files.

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ICC Profile

The International Colour consortium, is a gathering that sets the standard rules for colour management in the imaging scene.

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ICE

Image Correction and Enhancement

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ICM

Intentional Camera Movement. The cam or the focus or zoom of its lens is balanced by the photographer amid an introduction keeping in mind the end goal to attain uncommon or imaginative impacts.

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iESP

Olympus exposure metering system.

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IF

Internal Focusing permits the lens to rapidly center by moving a percentage of the components inside the lens barrel, without moving the front barrel or reaching out in size.

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ILS

Interchangeable Lens System

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ILT

Individual Lens Technology.

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Image resolution

Number of pixel per unit length image.

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Image sensor

It’s a type of transducer, converts light to electronics signals. Electronic image sensor like CMOS CCD to gather the image data’s.

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Image stabilization

An innovation found in a few camera lenses to help create a steadier picture that is free from camera shake.

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IMS

Image Management Service

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Incident light

Light hits the focused object.

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Incident-light reading

The estimation of light falling on the subject utilizing a meter with a 180 diffuser cone situated over the light sensor.

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Inkjet printer

A printer that blazes moment planes of ink onto paper to make up a digital photograph.

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Interchangeable lens

In the event that the camera has interchangeable lenses you have more adaptability in light of the fact that the lens separates from the camera permitting it to be supplanted by an alternate one.

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IPM

Italian Panoramic Monochromator

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IPPA

Irish Professional Photographers Association

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IR

Infrared, Invisible lights wave length is higher than 720nm.

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IR focuses setting

A little red checking to one side of the lens focus scale that you use to refocus a photo when utilizing infrared film.

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IS

This is the Canon’s Abbreviation for Optical Image Stabilization

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ISO

A method for qualifying the sensitivity of photography.

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IQ

Image Quality.

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Jaggies

A slang term used to portray the rugged edges made by pixels.

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JCII

Japan Camera Inspection and Testing Institute.

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JFIF

Otherwise called EXIF , this is a particular sort of the JPG file.

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JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group. This is the name of the advisory group that outlined the standard picture compression algorithm

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JPEG 2000

The new JPEG layering standard that may begin to be utilized within digital camara and software.

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Joule

The energy content of the storage capacitors in an electronic flash.

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K

The first K-Mount lenses, full 35mm frame coverage, made out of metal, greatly strong and generally developed, extraordinary mechanical feel.

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KAF

K mounts with auto-opening help, auto center, and mechanical gap sensing.

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KAF2

K mount with auto-opening, auto focus, mechanical aperture sensing, and electrical contacts for force zoom

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Key light

Original Light source.

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Kilo Byte

Data file comprises of 1024 bytes.

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Kilowatt

thousand watts

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L

Remaining for "Extravagance", the L assignment denote Canon's top-end, proficient evaluation lenses with the most exceptional optical formulas and high quality, complex glass components.

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LBA

Lens Buying Addiction. Normally utilized within a facetious sense on cam discussions, around a wish to add to an officially far reaching gathering of exchangeable lenses

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LCA

A questionable shortening that ought to be stayed away from. A few authors use it to mean Lateral (transverse) chromatic abnormality, TCA, while others utilize it to mean Longitudial (hub) chromatic variation, LoCA.

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LD

Low Depression, Lens technology made to help control chromatic abnormalities that would generally debase picture complexity and sharpness.

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Landscape mode

The hold the camera in normal horizontal position to capture the image.

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LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

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LED

Light emitting diode, yellow green red are used in most cameras. Latent Image: Invisible Image but Exposed.

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Leaf Shutter

A shutter with razor sharp edges that is situated close to the aperture inside a lens.

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Leg Locks

Locks that are utilized to secure tripod/monopod legs when they are part or completely expanded. Quick release clips are the most prevalent sort of leg lock.

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Lens

Lens is the eye of the camera, and which is used to capture the images see onto the camera light. Lens size is measured and shown as focal length.

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Lenticular Printing

Lenticular Printing: A procedure by which the printer puts an array of lenses, with a composition like corduroy, over an uncommonly made and deliberately adjusted print, in such a path, to the point that distinctive review points uncover diverse picture

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Light Meter

Light Meter: To measure the amount of light.

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Light Bucket

Another term for a fast lens.

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Limited

Like the * assignment in that the lenses are of high caliber, and does not imply that the lens is, no doubt created in restricted amounts.

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Line iMage

High contrast image.

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Lith film

High contrast film that creates negatives with extreme dark & whites.

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Lith film

High contrast film that creates negatives with extreme dark & whites.LM: Linear Motor utilized for lens component development during autofocus and manual focus operation with Fujinon X-mount lens.

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LMFC

Lake Michigan Film Competition

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LoCA

Longitudanal Chromatic Abbration.

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Long Tom

Long Tom' can be utilized conversely for 'telephoto lens'.

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LPP

Lowfade Positive Print

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LR

Lightroom. An editing program made by Adobe

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LRGB

Luminance, Red, Green and Blue: Luminance, Red, Green and Blue

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Luminence

Measure of light produced in the scene.

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LWF

Lowe, Willard, and Fowler

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LZW

Lempel-Ziv-Welch, Form of compression used to create TIFF files.

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M

M in the lens name signifies that it is a macro lens.

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MA

Modified Achromatic.

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MC

Multi Coated. Demonstrates that hostile to intelligent, multi-layer coatings counteract or lessen reflection of light from the surface.

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MM

This stands for Micro Motor, which is the slightest progressed AF engine utilized as a part of Canon lenses AFD.

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Macintosh

Alludes to the Macintosh computers. Lenses with this peculiarity can focus close for taking pictures of little objects.

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mAh

(milliAmperehour). A measure used in the consumption of power of an electronic device.

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Macro

A focusing more on numerous cameras and lenses that permits close up pictures of objects to be brought with a scope of 20cm or less.

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Macro Lens

A lens that is intended to give ideal resolution at close subject separations.

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Machine Gunner

A picture taker who takes 10 shots when they just need to take one.

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Magnetic Coating

APS movies are covered with an imperceptible magnetic covering that doesn't influence picture quality however holds Information Exchange (IX) information which might be perused by cameras and processing machinery.

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Magic Hour

The hour before sunset, and after sunrise, when sun produces magical, golden light.

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Matrix Metering

To calculate the best overall exposure value most Digital camera have a matrix metering option that utilizes 256 areas of the frame.

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Manual Exposure

An exposure mode where you set the shutter speed and aperture using either a hand held or built in meter, or knowledge, to help you determine what values to set.

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Manual Focus

System for focusing the lens, utilizing either a rotating mechanical activity or a mechanized strategy, where you enter a distance on the Camera.

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Manual Override

A full override to a camera automatic exposure where you choose the aperture and shutter speed.

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Marquee

An oval, rectangle or freehand choice tool found in most picture altering projects that includes a specked lines around the area you choose.

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Marching Ant

The dotted lines that glint around areas that have been chosen with the marquee tool in Photoshop.

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Mask

A picture altering gadget used to cover a part of a digital picture that can then be left untouched while you apply a filter or effect to the straggling leftovers of the picture.

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Masking Frame

A flexible frame that is otherwise called an enlarging easel. It holds printing paper under enlarger during exposure.

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Mat

Cardboard rectangle with rectangle or oval window that you lay over a print to perfectly frame the picture.

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Matrix Array

These are grid of sensors on a CCD that can used to capture an image in a digital camera.

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Mat

Dull paper complete that gives a reasonable option to gleaming.

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Maximum Aperture

The widest aperture that can be selected on a camera.

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MD

Minolta manual focus lenses. They don't take a shot at the cutting edge Sony bodies.

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MEM

Making Everlasting Memories

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Multiple exposure

It is a camera mode that allows you to take two or more pictures on the same part of the film.

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Medium Format

These types of camera uses roll film to take pictures with 6cm width and this camera is quite expensive also.

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Megabyte

It is a unit on computer memory and is equivalent to 1024 Kilobytes

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Megapixel

Mega pixel is Used to describe a digital camera that has a CCD hat conveys more than one million pixels.

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Memory

It is the storage unit of the computer or camera.

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Memory Card

Memory is an extra memory other than the main memory to store extra picture.

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Memory Stick

Removable Memory Card

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Metamerism

The wonder that happens when items with distinctive unearthly power appropriations showcase colors that appear to match.

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MFPB

Mylar Flag Photo Booklet.

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Micro

Same thing as Macro, which is assigned for macro lenses for close-up work

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Micro USM

This self-adjust motor is littler and easier than USM utilized within most Canon lenses.

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Micro Dry Technology

Printing system created by Irish producer Alps that is like color sublimation as it uses a warmed component to circuit the strip ink to extraordinary paper for high resolution and more life.

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Microphotography

small photographs are produced from use in microfilm documents

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Mid Tone

Mid tone is a tone that appears between a scene's highlight and shadow areas.

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Minimum Aperture

The smallest aperture that can be selected.

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Mired

A measure of the color of light who’s qualities are found by taking one million and isolating it by the color temperature in Kelvin’s

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Mirror lens

This is in fact known as a catadioptric lens and has an unexpected development of mirrors and lens components.

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Mirror Lock

An additional peculiarity found on just a couple of cameras that is utilized to lock the viewing mirror in the up position while the shutter is fired.

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MILC

Mirror less interchangeable lens .

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ML

(Meniscus Protective Lens) A bended meniscus defensive glass component is introduced before the lens to minimize ghosting by diffusing light re-reflected from the picture sensor or film and the protective glass. Utilizing a meniscus defensive lens guarantees an clear picture with small ghosting.

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MLPS

Motorized Lens Protection System

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MNA

Master Negative Assembly

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MOC

Mugging On Camera

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Mode

it is function on camera c that might be chosen to OFFER a rage of features such as metering pattern, exposure setting or focus type.

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Modeling light

A light that is situated near an electronic flash so you can generally see the impact of the blaze before taking a photograph

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Modem Modulator /Demodulator

A little box that associate the computer to a telephone line so the client can get to the Internet or send and get faxes.

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Monopoly Flash

A studio flash unit.

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Monochrome

A general depiction of dark & white photography, yet can additionally depict a solitary color picture.

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Monorail Camera

An expansive organization camera that is based on rail. Its lens is mounted on a front board, the film is held in a back board and they're joined with bellows.

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MOP

Multiple Original Prints

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MOPC

Major Oak Photography Club.

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Morphing

Picture control software that union’s one picture into another picture.

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Motor Drive

A battery controlled instrument that winds on the film after each picture is taken.

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MPAF(Multi Point Autofocus)

Focusing system in some of the of the most recent self-adjust camera that takes estimations of the subject separation from different parts of the image area, instead of simply the focal point.

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MP - E

Macro Photo Electronic, MP-E implies high magnification optics

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MPE

MP-E implies high magnification optics

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MPEG (Motion Picture Experts Group)

A file format that compresses video, animation and sound.

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MPO

Multiple File Format MPO, or Multiple File Format, is a camera image format, initially utilized on Fujifilm's Real 3d W1 Polaroid. A file contains two or more separate jpeg pictures.

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MTF Modulation Transfer Function

A measure of resolution for lenses and/or film.

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Multi Pattern Metering

A metering framework that uses a few sensors to take readings from different areas around the picture and ascertains a presentation focused around these values.

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Multimedia

A method for showing material that unites still pictures, feature, content and sound records. Multimedia presentations could be intuitive and be as fundamental or as progressive as you craving.

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Multiple Exposures

A mechanism where several pictures are exposed on one frame of film.

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Multiple Flashes

A flash system where you fire the flash a few times to build the introduction permitting a more diminutive gap to be chosen.

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Multipoint Autofocus

A camera focusing system that uses a few territories of the screen as focusing points.

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N

The letter "N" remains for Nano Crystal Coat and it is constantly shown in golden sticker on all awesome Nikon lenses. It is an unique sort of glass covering that are found in Nikon Lenses.

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Nano Crystal Coat

Nano Crystal Coat is a anti reflective covering. It basically dispenses with internal lens component reflections over an extensive variety of wavelengths, and is especially powerful in decreasing ghost and flare.

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ND filter

Neutral density, A dismal ash filter that is utilized to equitably decrease the light arriving at the film.

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NEF

Nikon Electronic Format, Raw Image file format used by Nikon.

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NiCd

Nikel cadmium, It’s a kind of Rechargeable Battery.

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Nifty 50

Fixed focal length lens of 50mm.

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NiMh

Nickel Metal Hydride, Another type of Rechargeable battery.

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NPIC

National Photographic Interpretation Center.

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Nodal Points

Two points where the light rays enters and leaves, where image is measured in one point and rear one focal length is measured.

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Noisy

Depicts the quality of a picture concerning the measure of digital noise.

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Noise Reduction

A few cameras that offer high shutter speeds (more than 1 second) generally have a noise reduction (NR) emphasize that is either programmed or could be empowered in the menu. This is to help dispose of irregular "hot" pixels and other picture noise.

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NR

Noise Reduction, Digital noise reduction through firmware handling or altering the digitized picture.

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NTSC

Term used to portray the 60 field video output.

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OOF

Out of Focus. An image that is not in focus.

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OCF

Off Camera Flash. The use of external flash ie is placed on top of the camera.

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OE

Over Exposed

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OEM

Original equipment Manufacturer, Made by one company and labeled for another company.

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Offset lithography

9reii9kd. Ink is initially connected to a printing plate chamber which is then exchanged to a barrel secured with rubber lastly to the paper.

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OHP Overhead Projector

A lightbox that has a mirror and lens projection framework inherent so that the client can introduce information to gatherings utilizing acetic acid derivation sheets printed with information.

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OIS

Optical Image Stabilization.

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Optical viewfinder

Used to compose Photograph. Used to compose Photograph.

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Optical Zoom

Implies that the Polaroid has a genuine multi focal length lens, this is not the same as a "Digital Zoom" which amplifies the focal point part of the picture.

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Opacity

The thickness of a material, for example, a film or channel. In advanced terms, haziness could be changed in accordance with make it look less noticeable or permit a lower layer to show through.

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Open flash

Where the shutter is held open and the flash let go physically. This permits you to flame a smaller flash a few times to guarantee either an expansive region is secured or a solitary zone gets enough exposure a system known as painting with light.

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Optical zoom

A lens that might be balanced starting with one focal length then onto the next.

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ORF

Olympus Raw format.

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ORTHO

Orthochromatic Film

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OS

Optical image stabilization technology utilized as a part of Sigma lenses; like Canon IS, Nikon VR and Tamron VC.

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OSS

Optical Screenshot implies that a specific lens has optical image stabilization.

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OTF

Off the film, A meter perusing taken from the picture that shows up on the film surface amid during exposure.

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OTWB

One Touch White Balance

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OVF

Optical View Finder, The picture is confined on the focusing screen of a through-the-viewpoint optical viewfinder, as found on DSLR cams, or in a look-through-viewfinder, as found on rangefinder cams.

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Over exposure

This is a picture that seems much excessively bright. The highlights and colors are completely lost and generally unrecoverable even by top programming.

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P

Programmed auto exposure

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Pal

Panoramic Annular Lens

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PP

Post Processing. Software used to edit an image on the computer.

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PC

Prontor-Compur

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PC-E

Perspective Control with Electronic Diaphragm. Permits lenses to tilt and movement to make embellishment

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P and S

Point and Shoot Camera.

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PS

Photo Shop, software made by adobe to edit pictures.

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PSE

Photoshop Element: A rendition of Photoshop with less features.

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PAL

The 50 field video format utilized generally within Europe and different places outside of the U.s.

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Pan and tilt head

This is the most well-known sort of head found on tripods, and permits you to change the camera position in a few ways.

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Palette

A thumbnail of all accessible colors to a computer or gadgets (much like a craftsman's palette).

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PAN

Panchromantic film

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Pancake

Sony's lenses outlined with amazingly minimal size and light weight as a main.

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Panchromatic film

Black & white film that is delicate to all colors of the obvious range.

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Panning

A method where you finish the subject the camera lens along an horizontal path.

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Panorama

This implies catching an arrangement of pictures to make a picture more extensive than what you could catch in a solitary picture, by "Sewing" the photos together

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Parallax

An impact seen in close-up photography where the viewfinder does not see the same as the lens.

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Paroma assist mode

An effect seen in close-up photography where the viewfinder does not see the same as the lens

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PASM

Program AE, Aperture priority, Shutter priority, Manual.

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Panoramic mode

A mode on numerous minimized Polaroid’s and a few Slrs that veils the film so a limited strip is recorded.

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Pap and Padding

shortened version of Paparazzo is known as pap and Papping is what they get up to.

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Parafocal

A parafocal lens, in the wake of having attained center at a telephoto central length, offers the likelihood of zooming over to a wide angle length.

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Partial metering

Meter reading found in a few cameras that takes an estimation from around 10% of the focal image area.

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Path

A technique for drawing around a subject utilizing a Pen device to make an editable way.

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PC lens

An alternate name for a movement lens that has a sliding front board so the lens could be raised or brought from its typical position down to right for verticals when shooting from high or low angles.

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PCLI

Photography Club of Long Island.

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PCLK

Pixel Clock.

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PCMCIA Card

Stands for Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, a gathering of 25 organizations in 1989 who set overall benchmarks for compact removable memory cards

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PC card

Alludes to a credit card estimated gadget which could be a flash memory card, a system card, a modem or even a hard drive.

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Pentaprism

A multi sided glass prism in the top of a single-lens reflex camera with the goal that the picture that is seen be the lens might be seen through an optical viewfinder over the lens

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PF

Purple Fringing , A type of chromatic distortion in which a purple-violet cloudiness debases high difference edges or over-immersed highlights.

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PF

Pan Focus

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PINAC

Photography Is Not a Crime

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Pixel Peer/ Peeping

Looking at the picture quality of a cam or lens by opening up a picture document on the computer, zooming the picture , and investigating the quality down to the pixel.

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PIP

Polycontrast Interface Photography

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Pripherial

The name used to portray any adornments that interface with a machine, for example, card reader, printer or scanner.

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Prime

Lens with fixed focal length.

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Photo Journalism

Photo journalism is nearly identified with narrative photography and street photography, however separates itself from those sorts of photography by being reliant on auspiciousness

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Photo electric cell

A metering cell that changes over light into a little charge that was utilized as a part of more established, non-battery meters or cameras to measure exposure

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PhotoCD

A format it is developed by Kodak for storing digital photographs at different resolution settings.

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Photoflood

It is sometimes used in portrait studios and it a bright tungsten bulb with a colour temperature of around 3400K

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Photogram

A picture is structured by putting an object specifically onto printing paper and laying open it to a light source.

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Photomacrography

Photos taken utilizing the camera joined to a magnifying lens.

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Photomultiplier tube

A light sensing gadget use in drum scanners that is equipped for measure amazingly low levels of light.

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Photoshop

The heading picture control software for expert and progressed advanced picture creators. Presently in form Cs5.

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Photo site

An alternate name given to the single, light-delicate range on a CCD that records unique picture point of interest.

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Pixel

Picture element is known as pixel.

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Polorising Filter

A filter for killing glare and reflections which appended to the front of your lens.

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PMF

Pictographic Monoline Fonetic

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PMP

Photo Mentor Program

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PMZ

Primo Macro Zoom lens

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PNG

Image file format

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PPFA

Professional Picture Framers Association

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PS/PSE

Photoshop, Photoshop element.

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PSA

Photographic Society of America: Photographic Society of America

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PSC

Portable Single Camera

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PTZ

Pan Tilt Zoom

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P & S

Point and shoot Camera.

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POTM

Picture Of The Month.

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PS/PSE

Photoshop, Photoshop element.

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Point And Shoot

Term utilized for a straightforward, simple to utilize camera with minimum user controls

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Pre Flash

A few digicams utilize a low power flash before the principle flash to consequently set the exposure and white balance.

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PRBPR

Photo Restoration by Picture Renewal.

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PVR

Photographic Virtual Reality

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PZ

stands for Power Zoom and uses a committed motor to change the focal length of the lens.

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QPS

QuickPan Spherical Panoramic Tripod Head

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R

This assignment implies that a given Fujinon X-mount lens has a committed aperture ring. It doesn't permit aperture control.

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RAM

Random Access Memory, It’s a type of computer memory to run the operating system and programs

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R3000

Making prints from the slides by using Chemical process.

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RA4

Making Slides from negatives

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Rangefinder

An optical gadget that is either consolidated with more prepared cam or included as an association that is used to work out the subject partition by taking a gander at two points of view.

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RAW

Raw Images store the natural picture information at 12 bits for every channel. "Lossless" compression is connected to diminish the document measure marginally, without trading off the quality. RAW image documents must be handled with exceptional programming before they might be seen or printed.

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RC Paper

Printing paper that has a plastic, or gum covered, surface to fast preparing and offer a polished completion.

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RCM

Robotic Camera Mount.

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RD

Soft focus shots of point light sources make customary polygonal shapes that reflect the state of the opening made by the diaphragm blades.

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RDC

Ricoh Digital Camera

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Rear Curtain Sync

Flash fires a moment before the rear curtain of the focal plane screen starts to move. At the point when moderate screen velocities are utilized, this peculiarity can make a smudge impact from the surrounding light.

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Red Eye

An impact brought on by an electronic flash reflecting off the retina at the once again of the eye making it look red. Cameras with the flash spotted near the lens experience the ill effects of this issue. Professional camera man utilize a section to hold an outer flash unit above and off to the side of the lens to dispose of red-eye.

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Relative Aperture

Lens focal length ratio to effective aperture of lens.

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Reciprocity

Most movies are intended to be uncovered inside a certain scope of exposure times-more often than not between 1/25 second to 1/2000 second. At the point when exposure times fall outside of this extent getting to be either essentially more or shorter-a film's attributes may change.

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Resolution

The Polaroid's light delicate CCD changes over the scene into a matrix of pixels that make up an digital photo. The resolution is the aggregate number of pixels in the photo. This is one element that influences picture quality.

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Retro focus lens

Otherwise called an opposite or altered telephoto, this lens outline has a veering lens component situated before the aperture and a meeting component situated at the rear. This makes the separation from the rear of the lens to the focal plane longer than the lens focal length.

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RGB

RED, GREEN, BLUE, The essential colors from which all different shades are inferred. The added substance multiplication process blends different measures of red, green and blue to create different colors. CMYK is the four essential colors. Computer screens make faultless colour by terminating light through red green and blue phosphors while digital cameras and scanners use RGB filters over the CCDs to make the color data.

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Ring Flash

A flashgun that has a round electronic tube that is situated around the camera lens or on the filter thread. It is utilized as a part of macro photography

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RIP

Raster Image Processor, Programming utilized by top of the line postscript printers that readies the record to be printed by changing over vector pictures into a bitmaps.

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Roof Prism

Outline of binocular prism that permit straight tubed body utilized by large portions of the thin pocket style models.

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ROC

Recovery of Color.

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RF

Rear Focusing. The focusing is carried out by moving the back component within the lens, which implies the back component moves while focusing. The most recent Nikon 24mm f/1.4 lens, for instance, is RF.

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RP

Resolving Power

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RPS

Royal Photographic Society

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RTFM

RTFM stands for Read The Frikkin’ Manual.

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S (Sport)

this product offering is for telephoto lenses including both zoom and fixed focal length and these are mainly used for sport and wildlife photography

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S

Shutter priority auto exposure.

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Saturation

The degree or percentage to which a color is undiluted by white light. On the off chance that a color is 100 percent soaked, it contains no white light. In the event that a shade has no immersion, it is a shade of grey.

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SAL

Sony Autofocus Lens, however maybe better saw as Sony Alpha Lens as lenses that accompany this abbreviations are planned particularly for the A-mount camera.

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SAM

Smooth Autofocus Motor is incorporated with some of Sony's lower-end lenses

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SSC

Super Spectral Coating. Initially found by Lord Rayleigh in 1886 and upgraded via Carl Zeiss later, lens coatings had a gigantic effect on future optics.

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Scanner

The device that converts that converts the images to digital form.

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SC

Stylish Camera

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SD

Secure Digital, A flash memory card used in digicams and MP3 players

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SDM

Super Direct-drive Motor.

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SEL

tags Sony auto focus lenses intended for their E-mount mirror less cam framework.

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Self timer

It is used to preset the time delay before the shutter fires automatically.

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Selfie

A self-portrait.

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Sepia

The mono toned impact seen in pictures from the first nineteenth and early twentieth Century cameras. This is currently a peculiarity regularly found as a unique picture impact on a few dig cams and/or editing software.

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Sharp

clear, crisp images providing lens are said to be sharp.

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Shutter

The physical device that opens and closes to let light from the scene strike the picture sensor. Dig cams use both electronic and mechanical shutters.

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Shutter bug

An American term for a photographic artist who consumes, drinks and sleeps photography.

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Shutter lag

The time between pressing the shutter and really catching the picture.

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Shutter Nutter

The British version of shutterbug. The British version of shutterbug.

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SIS

Single Image Stereogram

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Skylight Filter

This is a Ultra Violet retaining filter that aides defeat the wealth of blue in outside photographs.

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Slow Sync

A flash mode in a few digicams that opens the screen for a more drawn out than typical period and blazes the flash just before it closes

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SLC

Swarobright Lens Coating.

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SLD

Special Low Dispersion glass components are intended to minimize chromatic aberrations.

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SLR

Single Lens Reflex This implies the camera has a viewfinder that sees through the viewpoint (TTL) by method for a 45°-calculated reflect that flips up when the shade fires and permits the light to strike the picture sensor.

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SLT

Single-Lens Translucent (Sony brand). A variety of DSLR, however with altered semi-transparent mirror.

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SMC

Super Multi Coating.

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SMA

Simple Modified Achromat.

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SOOC

Straight out of camera. A picture that hasn't yet had any post transforming done to it.

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Soft

lens can be viewed as soft when it doesn't give sharp pictures.

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Soft Focus

It's normally used to depict a picture that isn't sharp however is submitted to a customer out of need.

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SP

It is abbreviated as Super Protect Coating.

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SPPS

Savy Photography Prop Shop

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Spot Metering

The cameras auto exposure framework is centered around a small area in the inside of the viewfinder to alter the general exposure esteem only for that region.

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Soup

Soup means an old photography slang term for developer

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Spray And Pray

Shooting a lot of pictures without much giving much care , and trusting that one will turn out.

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SSM

Supersonic Motor, Sony's form of a ring-sort ultrasonic motor utilized for amazingly quick and quiet AF operation.

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SVCD

(Super Video Compact Disk). A CD-ROM disc that contains excellent video and audio

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SVGA

(super VGA) this alludes to a picture determination size of 800 x 600 pixels.

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SDC System Developing Companies

Kodak and four other photograph industry pioneers who mutually created the Advanced Photo System models.

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Sensitivity

Articulation of the way of a photographic emulsion's reaction to light.

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SIC

Lenses with Super Integrated Coating have better color execution and are for the most part arrangement better with ghosting and flare.

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Side lighting

Light striking the subject from the side in respect to the position of the camera produces shadows and highlights to make demonstrating on the subject.

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Silent Wave Motor

Silent AF

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Silent Wave Motor

Silent auto focusing.

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SMC

Abbreviated as Super Multi Coating.

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STLB

STereoLithography, Binary.

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STF

Smooth Transition Focus, lenses that utilize exceptional APD lens aggregates that get thicker towards the edges.

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STM

Stepper Motor intended to minimize autofocus vibrations and noise during the time of video recording, this self-adjust engine has been continuously going into budget Canon lenses.

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Stop

It is a measure of exposure, and normally referred to as ‘EV’ (Exposure Value) in cameras.

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Stop Bat

Darkroom material. A acid rinse, typically a powerless result of acidic corrosive, utilized as a second step when creating high contrast film or paper. It stops advancement and makes the hypo keep going longer.

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Stop-down metering

TTL metering in which the light is measured at the picture-taking aperture.

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STU

Shoot Through Umbrella

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SQF

Subjective Quality Factor. A lens rating system.

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Sv

Sensitivity Value

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SW

SW in the lens name means it is a super-wide angle lens format.

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SWM

Silent Wave Motor permits calm self-adjust with a fast exchanging in the middle of self-adjust and manual operation.

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Sync Delay

All electronic flash units oblige X sync, yet flashbulbs oblige a period postpone between terminating the glimmer and opening the camera screen.

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Sync Socket

Frequently called "PC terminal" or "PC Socket".Most more seasoned manual center SLR Polaroid bodies have this standard PC attachments which have a collar neckline encompassing the core electrical piece of the attachment.

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Sync Speed

Exposure time with a central plane screen is measured from the moment the first curtain is discharged, to start its traverse the casing, until the moment the second curtain is discharged, to start its traverse the frame.

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Synchronization

Deliberate activity of screen opening and shutting of electrical contacts to flame a flashbulb or electronic flash at the right minute to make most efficient utilization of the light yield.

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Signal to noise ratio

In advanced photography this is the measure of right picture data to undesirable electrical impedance

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SIIM

Single Inline Memory Module, It is type of chip used for computer.

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SNOOT

A cone like tube that fits over a studio light that provides for you more control over the light beam and structures a little roundabout fix on the subject.

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SPOOL

Save Printing on Line, When you attempt to print more than one photograph in progression any unprinted pictures are held in this line holding up to be printed.

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Spool Meter

A meter that takes measurements from a one degree angle.

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STF

Smooth Trans Focus.

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Stacking

By utilizing stacking one consolidates various pictures in a software program.

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Still Video

A camera made by any semblance of Canon and Sony that recorded electronic pictures onto an inner floppy disk. A camera made by any semblance of Canon and Sony that recorded electronic pictures onto an inner floppy disk.

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Stock Photography

Photos taken and submitted to a picture library. The library then offers the generation rights and takes a rate of the charges.

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Strobe

An amazingly quick reusing light or flash utilized for experimental and imaginative photography.

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Super Uniform Fine Grain

It is created by Fujifilm for their Nexia APS movies. The figured grain structure is around one-a large portion of the extent of customary movies and guarantees predictable shape for particularly smooth, fine-grained prints.

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ASWM (Silent Wave Motor)

F-S NIKKOR lenses gimmick Nikon's SWM which changes over "voyaging waves" into rotational energy to focus the optics. This empowers fast self-adjusting that is amazingly exact and super calm.

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Swivel Head

A typical feature of electronic flashguns that have a head that pivots through 180 degrees so the light could be skipped off a divider to mollify and spread the light.

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Sync lead

A link that used to unite a flashgun to a Polaroid and trigger it as the Polaroid’s shade shoot.

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T

T in the lens name signifies that it is a telephoto lens.

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T*

T*: (T-star covering) Utilized on Carl Zeiss lenses, T* is an uncommon optical covering created via Carl Zeiss that helps avoid flare and ghosting, and builds picture contrast.

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T – Setting

Setting that holds the camera shuttle open until the shuttle dial is turned or discharge is press the second time.it then must be clicked once again to close it.

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Telephoto lens

A lens with a focal length that gives an amplification more noteworthy than the exposed eye.

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TC

remains for Tele Converter and implies that this specific lens is intended to increase the focal length of telephoto lenses.

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TCA

Transverse (parallel) chromatic abnormality or Lateral color. Shade borders that compound the further the picture point is from the optical axis.

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TFT

Thin Film Transistor, type of High Resolution

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T-Grain Technology

Trademark for protected Kodak film emulsion engineering utilized within all Kodak Advanced Photo System movies; interestingly formed grains that adjust better than routine silver precious stones, engrossing and transmitting light all the more viably to create more keen pictures.

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TIFF

Tagged Image File Format, Compression format file mainly used in digital photography.

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Time Exposure

Exposure made in minutes or seconds.

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TLR

Twin Lens Reflex, Camera with two lenses one is upper lens with a mirror reflex view and other lens is called Taking lens.

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TLS

Through-Lens Screw.

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TTL Auto Flash

The camera's light sensor measures streak enlightenment, as reflected by the subject the film and stop the flash where estimation demonstrates a right exposure. Since the sensor that controls the flash gets light through the lens. TTL auto flash might be utilized for skip streak photography, fill flash etc.

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Toning

A darkroom system that is utilized to change the blacks of a dark & white picture into a picked colour. The paper base is not influenced so whites stay white. Basic toning colors are sepia and blue.Solutions called toners is utilized to deliver different colors.

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Tog

Abbreviated terms for photographer

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Touching up/retouching

The procedure of upgrading a picture in picture editing software.

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TR

Telescopic Reversible.

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Transparency

A positive photographic picture on film saw or anticipated by transmitted light.

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Tripod

A three-legged supporting stand used to hold the camera unfaltering.Particularly valuable when utilizing moderate shutter speeds and/or telephoto lenses. An alternate is the monopod, single leg tripod.

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TSC

Thermally Stable Composite is an extraordinary material that mixes qualities of polycarbonate and metal and is utilized within the development of a few lenses.

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TS-E

Lenses with tilt and shift adjustment utilized for inventive representations, scenes, macro and construction modeling photography.

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TTL Metering

Through the Lens Metering, The time taken to measure Exposure reading of light that passes through the camera.

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Tungsten Light film

Light from general room lights and roof installations, not fluorescent. Pictures delivered under this light source might be amazingly warm, actually intemperate warmth. Some other colors need to filter it in order to make it balance.

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TV

Time Value.

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Twain

Technology without an industry name, Convention for exchanging data in the middle of uses and gadgets, for example, scanners and digital cameras.

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Uncle Bob

A term utilized by wedding photographers to portray a relative with a cam who has a tendency to impede the contracted photographer.

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UMC

Ultra Multi Coating. This abbreviation demonstrates that a lens or filter has been secured with a multi-layered, against intelligent covering to minimize reflections and build picture contrast.

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USD

Ultrasonic Silent Drive.An autofocus mechanism.

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USM

This contraction implies the lens is furnished with Canon's top-end focusing motor, the ring-sort Ultrasonic Motor.

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UV

Ultra Violet.

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UWA

Acronym for Ultra Wide Angle lens.

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Variable Contrast Paper

When Exposed to some special type of filter it produces different shade of Contrast ,these kind of photographic papers are called variable contrast paper.

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Variable focus lens

Lens of which the focal length might be ceaselessly differed between set points of limits.

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VC

The restrictive VC (Vibration Compensation) system emphasizes a triaxial setup utilizing three sets of driving loops and slide balls around the compensator gathering of the lens' optical framework.

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VCL

Video Camera Lens

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VDSLR

Video DSLR. VDSLR lenses are particularly intended for video work

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View finder

The eye level gadget you look through to compose the picture.

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View point

The position where you take the photo from.

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Vignette

Underexposure of picture corners delivered deliberately by shading or unintentionally by unseemly gear. It is likewise frequently utilized as an embellishment as a part of the photograph altering phase of development.

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VML

Variable Magnification Lens

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VP

Verichrome Pan

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VR

Vibration Reduction, It permits utilizing lenses hand-held without the requirement for a tripod in low-light circumstances.

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VR

Vibration Reduction permits utilizing lenses hand-held without the requirement for a tripod in low-light circumstances.

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VRAM

Video Random Access Memory, to control the colors seen in the computer monitor a Graphic card is attached in the computer

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VS

View Synchrony.

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VZS

Video Zoom Scope.

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W

W in the lens name signifies that it is a wide angle lens.

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WALC

Wide Angle Lens Cover

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WALH

Wide Angle Lens Hood

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WB

White Balance.

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WBBC

Wireless Boombox Camera in Color.

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WCPF

Western Counties Photographic Federation

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Waist Level Finder

The finder has an ability to control light reducing contrast as you view straightforwardly from the focusing screen. It's known as a waist level discoverer in light of the fact that to utilize it agreeably you'd hold the camera at waist level.

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WFOV

Wide Field of View.

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WFPC

Wide Field Planetary Camera.

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White Balance

Adjusting the colors to seem the picture more natural. Each type of lighting produces a different color temperature. Adjusting the colors to seem the picture more natural. Each type of lighting produces a different color temperature.

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White Light

A mixture of wavelength of all lights are present in a Light source has a visible spectrum.

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Wide angle lens

wide angle lens means short focal length which is to capture widest angle of view.

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Wide Open

At the point when a lens is set to smallest f-number, for example, f/2.8 or f/4, its being utilized 'completely open'. Right now, the aperture become maximum, letting in however much light as could be expected.

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WIPC

Winning Image Photo Contest.

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WIPI

Women In Photography International.

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WR

A lenses that peculiarities exceptional seals and along these lines when utilized with a suitable DSLR body is impervious to tidy and light rain.

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WS

Watt Per Second.

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4WP

4 Water-Proof cameras

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WZU

Wireless Zoom Unit

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XC

One of the two classes among current Fujinon lenses for Fujifilm computerized mirror less cams is the XC. Fujinon XC lenses are for the most part less expensive and more straightforward than their XF kin and made generally out of plastic.

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XF

these lenses have metal barrels and more extensive than-normal apertures.

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XGA

This implies to an image resolution size of 1024 x 768 pixels.

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X3 Image Sensor

Foveon's new picture sensor for advanced Polaroids that catch red, green and blue information on every pixel.

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XD Picture Card

Another flash memory card standard that was co-created by Fuji film and Olympus in mid 2002.

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Xpro

Abbreviation of ‘cross processing’.

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XR

Additional Refractive Glass having a refractive file of more than 1.69 is called additional refractive or high index glass.

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X Setting

Electronic flash units fire practically promptly and achieve full shine instantly.

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X Sync Terminal

Electronic flash units are accessible which mount on the hot shoe and are activated by the electrical contact in the shoe.

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YAC

Yet another Camera.

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YRAC

York Region Arts Council.

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Z

Z in the lens name signifies it is a zoom lens.

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ZA

Zeiss Alpha, Zeiss marked lenses composed particularly for Sony cameras

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Zeroed

Zeroing a cam is as simple as returning it to its default settings — bringing down its ISO, resetting the WB, and dialing in unbiased presentation compensation.

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ZL

Zoom Lock Mechanism.

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Zoom Creep

Zoom Creep is a lens' inclination to gradually (or quickly) extend or shorten upon the descending or upward tilt of the camera.

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ZDP

Zero Day Photo

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