Introduction to Journalism
We all know journalism as one of the oldest professions around the world. It dates back thousands of years when people used to write down stories about their lives for others to read.The Words ‘JOURNALIST’, ‘JOURNAL’ and ‘JOURNALISM’ are derived from the French term ‘JOURNAL’. Indeed this comes from the Latin term ‘DIURNALIS’ or ‘DAILY’.
What is Journalism?
Journalism is a profession of communicating news for information, education, and entertainment through a particular media. It is the process of gathering information from various sources and presenting them to readers in a clear and concise manner through print, radio, television, and digital platforms.
Journalism has become an important part of our society. It informs us about what is happening around us, and helps us make decisions based on facts. and also an important part of democracy. Journalism provides information about politics, business, science, sports, culture, and many other aspects of society. It allows people to know what their government is doing and how they are being governed.
Interestingly, Journalism also provides a platform for those who are not able to speak out themselves to be heard.
Who is a Journalist?
A journalist is someone who writes about current events or issues for publication. They are responsible for keeping people informed about current events and issues. They are those brave individuals who keep on reporting on news events and about the current events. Such as wars, natural disasters, elections, political scandals, business, sports, science, technology, medicine, education, religion, entertainment, and many other topics. They also report on scientific discoveries, business trends, new technologies and cultural developments. They write news stories about what people are doing, thinking, feeling, etc…
As per the history, all the forms of pamphlets, periodicals, gazettes, newsbooks, news-sheets, and letters came to be termed as ‘newspapers’. Initially, the people who wrote for them were called “news writers,” or “essayists,” or “mercurists.” Later, they were called “journalists.” Now, “journalists” are also known as “reporters”. All those people who work in the media as editors, assistant editors, sub-editors, correspondents, reporters, proofreaders, photojournalists, cartoonists, etc…, are called “Journalists”.
Journalists are often employed by newspapers, magazines, radio stations, television networks, and online news sites. They may be employed full-time, or as freelancers, or to work part-time. The journalists who work as part-time are called Stringers. While the journalists who are occasional contributors are called “Freelance journalists”. On the other hand, “Paparazzi” are freelance photographers who capture photos of celebrities, and politicians.
Without journalists, people would be unable to know what is going on around them. Journalists play a vital role in mass communication and journalism. There would be no news or media coverage, if there are no journalists. On the other hand, without journalists, there would be no way for citizens to hold their leaders accountable.
Ethics of Journalism
Journalism Ethics are rules of conduct for journalists. They are based on principles such as accuracy, fairness, objectivity, impartiality, honesty, integrity, accountability, transparency, respect for others, and responsibility.
Journalists should be honest with their readers and viewers. They should also be fair and accurate.
Journalists must follow these rules when they report on news events or write articles.