White Balance


The camera’s white balance setting might cause colors to appear wrong in certain lighting conditions, such as candlelight or morning/evening sunshine. This problem arises because the camera can struggle with correctly interpreting the illumination conditions at times.

When shooting white paper in candlelight, for example, it may develop a yellow or orange tint instead of appearing pure white. Similarly, when the light is warm in the morning or evening, the colors in the scene may appear slightly reddish. These color variations occur because the light emitted by various light sources gives its own particular hue to the picture.

The white balance setting on the camera is in charge of adjusting for these differences in lighting color temperature. The camera strives to represent colors in the photo as accurately as possible to how they appear in real life by changing the white balance. Under difficult lighting situations, however, the camera’s white balance may struggle to adequately capture the true colors, resulting in unwanted warm or cool color casts in the resulting photographs.

Our eyes have an amazing capacity to adjust to changing lighting conditions, allowing us to interpret a white object as white whether it is lighted by a tungsten bulb or sunshine. Cameras, on the other hand, lack this intrinsic versatility. As a result, depending on the color of light in the setting, the same object can seem differently in images.

The fluctuation in color temperature influences the outcome of the photographs. The photos may have a blue tint in certain situations, suggesting a cool color temperature, while others may have an orange tinge, indicating a warm color temperature. Cameras, unlike our eyes, cannot automatically adapt their vision to accommodate for fluctuations in brightness. As a result, the white balance setting on the camera becomes critical.

Lord William Thomson found that the color of carbon changes as it heats up, prompting him to design the Kelvin temperature scale. This scale begins at absolute zero, or -273.15 degrees Celsius, and progresses to higher numbers. Color temperature is also connected with the Kelvin scale, with the 0 point denoting the color black. The visible Kelvin scale ranges from around 1700 K to 12000 K or greater. Infrared radiation is located on the left side of the visible spectrum, while ultraviolet radiation is located on the right

White balance, commonly known as color temperature (WB), is a technique used in photography to remove false color tints, ensuring that items seen as white in reality appear white in the photographed image.

The white balance option tells the camera how to interpret color temperature. Color temperature, stated in degrees Kelvin, measures the color properties of a given light source.

White balance bracketing

White balance bracketing is a camera feature that allows you to compensate for differences in the color of light produced by different light sources. A balanced white appearance is achieved by calibrating a camera to appropriately depict the color white. This calibration procedure guarantees that other colors are accurately presented as well. White balance bracketing, in essence, allows the camera to change its color response to account for the varied color temperatures of different light sources.

Auto exposure lock

In the afternoon sun, fluorescent light seems greenish, whereas incandescent light appears yellow. The goal of white balance calibration is to identify the right representation of white in changing lighting circumstances. When a camera fails to attain adequate white balance, the colors in the photographs can be off. To overcome this problem, the white balance bracketing feature is used, with the goal of offering the same amount of correction as white balance adjustment. This function is based on a grid with two sets of color pairs, green/magenta and blue/amber, that may be automatically modified to correct any incorrect colors in the photographs.

When you enable white balance bracketing, the camera takes three shots every time you push the shutter button. However, when using continuous shooting mode, this feature reduces the maximum shooting speed.

Gray card


Mizexposure is a common problem for photographers when the scene in front of their camera is not ideal for averaging. Many experts use an 18% grey card to address this issue. They can accomplish appropriate exposure by averaging the meter reading to a light grey tone for each scene when utilizing this card.

For example, because light meters are calibrated for middle grey, a picture of white paper may seem as middle grey when captured. As a result, to ensure that the white paper appears white in the shot, the exposure should be increased. If the white paper has undesirable colors, the white balance can be restored with items like a grey card. By using custom or preset white balance settings, these tools enable the camera to lock in a precise color temperature. Some photographers priorities shooting in raw format since it gives them greater freedom in post-processing, and as a result, they may not pay as much attention to white balance during the initial capture.


Create an image similar to the one shown above (11.5), using a grey or white card. When photographing a grey card, choose the white balance preset that is closest to the light source. Select “Custom or White Balance Pre” in the camera’s white balance menu after shooting the image.

When selected, choose which image to use as a custom or white balance preset. Until the white balance setting is restored, this color balance will be reflected in all exposures.

White balance, often known as color temperature (WB), refers to the correction done in images to prevent unwanted color casts, ensuring that items intended to seem white are appropriately depicted as white.

A camera’s white balance setting directs it on how to interpret and reproduce color temperature. Color temperature, which is commonly measured in degrees Kelvin, quantifies the color qualities of a certain light source.

White balance bracketing

White balance bracketing is a camera feature that compensates for differences in the color of light emitted by various light sources. It produces a balanced white appearance by accurately calibrating the camera to portray white appropriately. This calibration process also ensures that additional colors are accurately represented in varied lighting circumstances. As a result, white balance bracketing is used to calibrate the camera’s color response while accounting for the different color temperatures of light sources.

For example:

White balance is an important feature of photography because it ensures accurate color representation in a variety of lighting circumstances. When photographing, the color temperature of the light source can change, resulting in a color cast on the photos. For example, fluorescent lighting seems greenish in the midday sun, whereas incandescent lighting appears yellow. Cameras use a white balance calibration to help determine what color should be deemed white under varied lighting circumstances. If the camera does not successfully execute white balance, the resulting photographs may have erroneous or misleading colors.

Many cameras provide a white balance bracketing function to help photographers achieve accurate white balance. When enabled, this feature takes three photos, each with a different white balance setting.

Gray card

When faced with scenes that may not be suited for averaging, professional photographers frequently use an 18% grey card to get precise exposure. In such cases, the camera’s meter will often produce an average tone of light grey for each scene. However, because to the limitations of this averaging procedure, mizexposure might occur. As a result, the grey card acts as a trustworthy reference point, helping photographers to achieve the proper exposure settings.
It’s worth noting, though, that employing white balance bracketing can have an effect on the highest capture speed feasible when shooting in continuous shooting mode. This is due to the increased time and resources required by the camera to capture and process multiple photos with various white balance settings.

Because light meter are commonly calibrated for middle grey, images of white paper often look as a middle grey tone when captured. To produce a realistic white portrayal of the paper, the exposure must be adjusted by increasing it. If the white paper has unwanted false colors, the white balance can be rectified with equipment such as a grey card, expo disc, or color checker. Similar to the function of a custom or white balance preset, these tools help ensure that the camera locks in a given color temperature. However, it is worth mentioning that many photographers prefer shooting in raw format since it provides for greater flexibility in post-processing, which often leads to better results

Begin by capturing an image with a grey or white card to begin the experiment. When photographing with a grey card, use the white balance preset that best fits the light source. Once the image has been captured, go to the camera’s white balance menu and select “Custom” or “White Balance Pre.” This color balance will be used for all further exposures until the white balance is reset.


Selective Use of Gray Card: A Powerful Tool for Controlled Situations Photography: Abin Alex | Camera: Canon EOS 6D | Focal Length: 108mm | Aperture: f/28 | Shutter Speed: 1/4000 | ISO: 200

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